The Samaritans: a Jewish sect or sister religion? The religious group known today as Samaritans will be presented in a general way, as well as the main academic discussions about the origin and nature of this community and its relations with Judaism. It is intended to demonstrate, based on the analysis of its fundamental texts and recent archaeological excavations, that the identity formation of this community is closely linked to the origins and development of Judaism. He teaches: Mtro. Arturo Agustín Díaz Barriga Gutiérrez Graduated in History from the Autonomous Metropolitan University and Master in Theology and Religious Studies specialized in Religion and Ancient Pluralism from the University of Groningen. His main fields of study are Biblical Judaism and Ancient History of Israel with an emphasis on identity formation.